101. Dialogue with Mihai Șora

21 January 2018

16 lei

The NTB Conferences on DVD 30 June 2018
Launched almost eight decades ago by Ion Marin Sadoveanu, the National Theatre Conferences have returned to the stage of the Black Box Hall since 2006 with the lectures of prominent personalities of Romanian culture on the most diverse and exciting topics. Gathered in a collection of DVDs aiming at keeping these testimonials of wisdom, culture and civilisation, 32 of the conferences from the previous seasons can be purchased at the box office or in the lobbies of the halls before or after the shows. The collection of DVDs, accompanied by brochures containing the texts of the conferences, comprise the following titles: N. C. Munteanu – Me and My Dog, the Securitate Basarab Nicolescu – Does the Universe Make Sense? The Contemporary Dialogue Between Science and Religion Ion Pop – From the Avangarde to the Rearguard Cristian Bădiliță – Why We Need a New Translation of the Septuagint and of the New Testament Ilina Gregori – When Was the 19th Century? Eminescu and Modernity Teodor Marieș – In Search of the Truth Alex Leo Șerban – And Yet, Why Do We Watch Movies? Andrei Șerban – About Chekhov or Who else wants to go to Moscow? Alexandru Tocilescu – About Theatre and Its Matters Dorana Coşoveanu - At that time when the paintings were shot Bujor Nedelcovici – Writers and the Exile His Royal Excellency Prince Radu – The Wise Ruling Neagu Djuvara – The 77 Years War (1914-1991) Mircea Dinescu – The Curse of Being a Parody Writer Nicolae Manolescu – Do We Not Have Playwrights? Lucia Hossu Longin – The Exercise of Memory Dan C. Mihailescu – Who Is the Neo-Interwar Generation and What Does It Want Octavian Paler – With Melancholy, about the Barbarians Stelian Tanase – The Panait Istrati Case Theodor Baconsky – Orthodoxy and United Europe Adrian Cioroianu – Romanian Communism between Hope and Traps Ileana Malancioiu – The Tragic Guilt Ion Caramitru – The Limits of Waiting Radu Beligan – My Professors Cristian Tudor Popescu – The Sticker Man Robert Turcescu – The Burial of a Myth: Farewell, Free Press! Ion Vianu - Antigone, a Dissident Andrei Pleşu – About the Heart Doina Jela – Deceptive Memory Neagu Djuvara – A Brief Experience with Western Intelligence Services Constantin Ticu Dumitrescu – The Securitate Leaking, an Imperative for Democracy Vladimir Tismăneanu – The Revolutionary Year 1956 Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu – Romanian Ethics and Public Sense 200 Years Ago Adrian Vasilescu – Religion and the Star Varujan Vosganian – Elites and Counter-Elites in Transitional Romania Radu Beligan - Radu Beligan 90 Emil Hurezeanu - Romania in Europe and Europe in Romania Ana Blandiana – The Romanian Fun Making, from Defense to Suicide Herta Müller – Always the Same Snow and Always the Same Uncle Theodor Paleologu – The Topicality of Political Theology Sorin Alexandrescu – Visual Culture, Pros and Cons Solomon Marcus – A Peak of Romanian Culture: Traian Lalescu Horia-Roman Patapievici – About Wasted Opportunities in History Cristian Bădiliţă – Judas and Mary Magdalene Between Damnation and Exoneration The series of conferences shall continue in this season as well, on each Sunday, once every two weeks, with new spiritual challenges, discussion topics and lectures. The price of a DVD is 25 RON!   Translated by Simona Nichiteanu
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Radu Sergiu Ruba: Homer’s Inner Eye. How Do the Blind Write, Read and Compose 04 November 2018
On Sunday, 4th November, from 11.00 a.m., the NTB Small Hall shall host theconference Homer’s Inner Eye. How Do the Blind Write, Read and Composeheld by Radu Sergiu Ruba. About the ConferenceHomer was an author with a concrete historical life. He truly lived somewhere and sang throughout the metropolitan and colonial Hellas. He was not a myth during lifetime, but he became a myth. The proof of his real existence is situated in one of the two sagas which are attributed to him. The conference thus starts with this revelation.Afterwards, transition is made to Homer’s visual memory, to the quasi-mimetic take-over of the ambient concreteness in his verses and his imaginary. Hence, the blind with a visual memory and the ones without such a memory. The relation between writing and language. The shaping function of language, language as an attribute of God, not the image however.The human civilization is unconceivable without a writing code. The mimetic or symbolic codes – pictograms, ideograms, hieroglyphs. The literal codes. The Braille code and the proof that the human being, in his/her depth, holds communicational codifying functions independent from the sight. The Homer constellation, the anthology of blind writers of Romania and the synthesis of the human voice. The electronic voice of the computer, the first human dimension synthesized so far.The man educated and shaped as a superior being only through language and writing systems. The three great figures which have marked and built the specificity of the life of the blind worldwide: Homer, Louis Braille and Ray Kurzweil. Radu Sergiu Ruba About Radu Sergiu Ruba He was born on October 14 th , 1954 in Ardud, Satu Mare County. He started his education in the neighbouring village Răteşti, pursuing it until the baccalaureate at the Institute for the Blind in Cluj, interval during which, around the age of 11, he completely lost his eyesight which had never been perfect. He followed an education of foreign languages, French and English, at the Bucharest University. He worked as a French teacher in the pre-university system, as a lecturer within the programme Cambridge Standard English al British Council of the capital, as an inspector in the Ministry of Education, responsible for the education of pupils and students with sight deficiencies. In this capacity, he founded four dedicated schools, two high-schools and two balneo-physiotherapy post-secondary schools which are still functioning nowadays. He was also an advisor to the ministry of work on issues of disability, contributing to the adoption of administrative measures and legal acts. He belonged for 25 years to the management of the Blind Association of Romania, its president for nine years and also to the management of the relevant European Union. From the responsibility functions of the national organization, he succeeded in opening, together with the manager of the Metropolitan Library of Bucharest, Florin Rotaru, a branch for the blind which functioned as an audio book production centre, he equipped his organization with a Braille electronic printing shop, capable of printing countrywide, he determined the digitalization of all audio books from theassociation’s library, he contributed to the improvement or sight rescue of dozens of patients within a great ophthalmology project and, by raising around 800 thousand euros, he launched the building of a rehabilitation centre for the people who lose their eyesight as adults. Since 1992, he produces a weekly show, on the Radio România Actualităţi station. He is also the author of shows broadcast by Radio Free Europe and Radio Europa FM. He made his editorial debut in 1983, at Cartea Românească, with a volume of verse followed by further five.R. S. Ruba also achieved selections of his materials of press, essays, articles, interviews, grouped in three volumes, including, the one with historiographic character, A Thousand Years in a Hundred and One Enigmas, written together with his spouse, Nicoleta. As a supreme literary duty towards the existential experience community he belongs to, he compiled two editions of the Homer Constellation, an Anthology of the Blind Writers of Romania, with a first appearance in 1996, and the second, much revised and enriched, in 2017.Arriving late to the prose, but dealing with it especially lately, he published the volume of stories The Smuggling of Memory and the novels The Demon of Confession in 2004, re-edited in 2009 and A Summer Which Does Not Set, in 2014.This book, autobiographical to a great extent, has been awarded several distinctions, including the Ion Creangă award of the Romanian Academy in 2016. The novel was translated into English and Italian, whereas a translation into Hungarian is underway. R. S. Ruba represented Romania this year, both with prose and with poetry, at the European Literature Night Festival of Lisbon.The author also received further literary and cultural distinctions, in general: the award of the French Foreign Affairs’ Ministry at the World Short Story Festival, the Frontiera Poesis award, the award of the Gheorghe Ursu Foundation, the award of the Bucharest Writers’ Guild, of the Convorbiri Literare magazine and of the Jewish Braille Institute of America. He was awarded by the President of Romania the Cultural Merit Order to the rank of Knight in the year 2008. Radu Sergiu Ruba’s poems, short stories and essays have been translated into French, English, Bulgarian, Hungarian, Spanish, Arabic and Portuguese. In his turn, the writer translated into French authors such as Michel Tournier, Gilles Lipovetsky, Olivier Rolin, Nicolas Ancion and Corinne Desarzens.   Translated by Simona Nichiteanu 
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Maia Sandu: Why parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova at the beginning of next year are important for Romania? 21 October 2018
On Sunday, October 21st 2018, from 11.00 a.m., in the NTB Small Hall, shall hold the conference Why parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova at the beginning of next year are important for Romania?   About the Conference 27 years after its independence, the Republic of Moldova is, probably, at the lowest point of its existence. At least one third of the population has lost its faith that it can build a worthy future at home and has left the country, whereas the people left behind are overwhelmed by a feeling of profound despair. The corruption and bad governance are the main causes of the delicate situation to which the Republic Moldova has arrived. In order to distract attention from the committed abuses, the political parties have intensely exploited the splits from society, the latter being deeply divided between the ones who are ready to give up democracy, associating it with governments which have caused corruption, poverty and misery, hoping that the Eastern, authoritarian model might deliver them from misery and the ones wanting to live in a free country, according to the Western model. The weakening of the state institutions through their capturing by the oligarchic government, the undermining of the democratic process, including through the cancellation of the local elections from Kishinev and the modification of the electoral system in the favour of the socialist party and to the detriment of the pro-European opposition parties, the lack of any popular support for the ruling party, but which wants to keep power at any cost represent major hazards for ensuring free and correct elections and, respectively, for their result. The maintenance of power by the Plahotniuc-Dodonregime in the existing form or under any other form shall bring about change, at least medium-term, of the structure of voters in favour of the ones voting for parties close to the Kremlin regime. The demographic situation, the massive migration of the pro-European segment and the scepticism of the government to create conditions for the diaspora’s participation in the vote shall deprive the Republic of Moldova of the critical mass of pro-democracy voters. It suits the current government to keep the Republic of Moldova in a grey area, where the regime representatives dictate the rules of the game, extract economic annuities from illegal business, without being held accountable, remain in power through less democratic methods. The recent initiatives of the Parliament of Kishinev support the suspicions that the government has undertaken the creation of an off-shore area on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. Likewise, the increasingly frequent discussions about Russia’s plans for the federalization of the Republic of Moldova are worrying, which does not mean anything else but the „Transnistrialisation“ of the country, which shall bring Russia to the border with Romania. What can Romania do for the Republic of Moldova not to lose the last fight for democracy? We shall look for answers together.   About Maia Sandu Economist, more recently politician. In the time frame 2012-2015, she was Minister of Education of the Republic of Moldova. She launched several reforms in the field of education and took corruption fighting measures (according to the estimates of Transparency International, the total value of the bribe paid in education during the first two years of her mandate was reduced by 50%).The activity at the ministry brought her political capital. After the discovery of the one billion theft, which irremediably compromised the political class of Kishinev, in May 2016, she created together with other colleagues a new party - the Party Action and Solidarity. In the fall of the same year, she ran in the presidential elections, where she accumulated 47.9% of the votes. She further builds a different kind of party. After the faculty, she worked at the Ministry of Economy since its first years of existence. She closely followed the elaboration of transition reforms and she experienced, alongside the majority of citizens of the Republic of Moldova, the failure of these reforms. She was employed afterwards at the Representation of the World Bank in Kishinev, where she continued working on the reform programmes in various areas. In 2009 -2010, she followed a master’s programme in public administration at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard, and in the next two years she worked as an advisor of one of the executive managers of the World Bank in Washington DC. Translated by Simona Nichiteanu 
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